Man United defeat Swansea City 2-0

first_imgRomelu Lukaku became the first Belgian to reach 100 Premier League goals as Manchester United quickly regained second place in the table from Liverpool with a comfortable 2-0 win over Swansea City on Saturday.The powerful striker put his team in front within five minutes from a pass by Alexis Sanchez, who added the second quarter of an hour later.United, with record signing Paul Pogba back in the side, were dominant, although David de Gea did have to make two saves from Tammy Abraham.Swansea, revitalised under Jose Mourinho’s friend and compatriot Carlos Carvalhal, remained three points above the relegation zone.last_img

Real Madrid need Champions League triumph to salvage season

first_imgIn suffocating August heat at the start of the season Real Madrid stayed ice cool to crush Barcelona 5-1 on aggregate in the Spanish Super Cup.It was a show of force from Spain’s dominant side, the double winners exerting their power over Barcelona and leaving their arch-rivals on the verge of crisis.New Barca coach Ernesto Valverde looked on helplessly as Brazilian forward Neymar joined Paris St Germain and Real looked unstoppable.“It’s the first time we’ve felt Madrid are superior,” Barca defender Gerard Pique said after the game.But as the months passed, it became clear that Real were not capable of defending their league title as Barcelona surged clear at the top of the standings.Madrid’s league hopes lay in tatters by December, the Catalans raiding the Santiago Bernabeu with a 3-0 win in the Christmas Clasico and moving 14 points of Zinedine Zidane’s team.Real were dumped out of the King’s Cup in January on away goals by unheralded Leganes and Barcelona went on to win that trophy for the fourth season in a row.That was the first step towards a near-certain double for Barcelona, who need one point in their remaining five games to wrest the title back from Real.Real will ease the pain by retaining their Champions League title, their only hope of salvaging a disappointing season.They face Bayern Munich in the semi-finals as they bid to win it for a third season running, having last season become the first side to retain the trophy by beating Juventus in the final.The German champions, however, are desperate for revenge after they were eliminated 6-3 on aggregate at the quarter-final stage by Zidane’s side last season in controversial circumstances.“You need a better referee for a quarter-final,” complained then Bayern coach Carlo Ancelotti after his team had two men sent off over the two legs and Real scored goals from offside positions.“We’re working hard and, if we’ve done it twice, why wouldn’t we go for that third consecutive Champions League?,” Real defender Dani Carvajal said ahead of Wednesday’s first leg in Munich.It would not be the first time Real’s season has been salvaged by a European triumph.In 2016 they lifted the trophy after Barcelona won the double and in 1998 they triumphed after finishing fifth in La Liga.last_img read more

Spanish football federation names Luis Enrique as coach

first_imgThe Spanish Football Federation has appointed Luis Enrique as Spain‘s new national team coach on a two-year deal, the president of the federation Luis Rubiales said during a news conference on Monday.“The decision was unanimous. I like his commitment and he has turned down better paid jobs in order to coach Spain. He’s a coach who completes all the requirements the Federation was looking for,” Rubiales said.A former midfielder for Sporting Gijon, Real Madrid and Barcelona, Luis Enrique won two Liga titles, one Champions League and three King’s Cups as Barca coach between 2014 and 2017.He also coached Celta Vigo and Barca’s reserve team and has spent the past year on sabbatical since leaving the Nou Camp in June 2017.Luis Enrique replaces interim coach Fernando Hierro, who took charge of the team during this year’s World Cup after Julen Lopetegui was sacked a day before the tournament began for the manner in which he negotiated a move to Real Madrid.Hierro said on Sunday he was leaving his role as sporting director with the federation, following a disastrous campaign which saw the 2010 winners dumped out of the World Cup at the last 16 stage by hosts Russia following a penalty shootout.Earlier on Monday the federation announced Jose Molina has replaced Hierro as sporting director.Rubiales also said before Luis Enrique’s appointment that Spain‘s players had no say in who the new coach would be.Luis Enrique’s first game in charge will be a UEFA Nations League game away to England at Wembley Stadium on Sept. 8.As Barcelona coach Luis Enrique worked with Spain internationals Jordi Alba, Sergio Busquets and Gerard Pique, as well as Andres Iniesta who has already announced his retirement from international football.Pique is yet to announce whether he plans to fulfil his earlier pledge to quit the Spain team after the World Cup, which he made in 2016.last_img read more

Barcelona snatch Malcom from under Roma’s nose

first_imgBarcelona have swooped to sign Brazilian forward Malcom on a five-year deal from Girondins Bordeaux for an initial 41 million euros in a surprise move after AS Roma had struck a deal with the French club.The 21-year-old was set to join the Italians this week but media reports in Spain and Italy said Spanish champions Barca’s 11th hour offer had changed Malcom’s mind and he has become their third signing of the transfer window.“This is a unique feeling, a unique feeling,” he said at Barca’s Nou Camp offices on Tuesday. “I’m delighted. It’s a dream I’ve had since childhood. I’m part of the best club in the world and I hope to give the fans a lot of joy.”In an interview on Roma’s website, Sporting Director Monchi explained that after the Serie A club had reached an initial agreement with Bordeaux on Monday Barcelona entered the bidding, leading Roma to submit an improved offer for the player.Bordeaux then met with Malcom’s representatives on Tuesday to discuss the transfer which is when Roma pulled out, with the club looking to see if they have a case for legal action.“After that meeting, I was surprised to be told that the agents and Bordeaux wanted another improved offer, as Barcelona were still pushing for a deal,” Monchi said.“I told them enough, because we did not want to enter an auction: we could not continue like that, and yesterday we had only raised our offer because of the willingness and desire of our president. So that was how everything ended.“Now, within the club, we are looking at our options and seeing if we have a legal case. It is true that nothing was signed, but there are many messages with the agents and their president that are at least worth being assessed.”Media reports said Malcom’s change of destination came after Barca’s move for fellow Brazilian forward Willian broke down when they were unable to agree a transfer fee with Chelsea, leading them to turn to Bordeaux’s fleet-footed wide forward.“The Brazilian will undergo a medical on Wednesday morning and then directly join the FC Barcelona US Tour,” read a statement from the Spanish champions, whose deal for the player includes an extra one million euros in variables.Malcom joined Bordeaux from Brazilian side Corinthians in January 2016 and scored 23 goals in 96 games for the club. He is Barca’s second Brazilian signing of the transfer window after midfielder Arthur, 21, joined from Gremio.Barcelona also signed 23-year-old French defender Clement Lenglet from Sevilla earlier this month.last_img read more

Apollon do the double over FK Željezničar

first_imgApollon got off to a great start against FK Željezničar as they took the lead in their first attack in the 2nd minute through Fotis Papoulis.The goal startled FK Željezničar and Apollon could and should added to their tally with Skembri, Papoulis and Joao Pedro all going close.Three minutes before the break, and against the run of play, FK Željezničar equalized through Zec bringing the game level.However a second for Papoulis, just after the restart from the penalty spot, settled the nerves of the Apollon players and the Limassol side took complete control of the game and continued to miss golden opportunities to widen the score,They had to wait till added time to make sure of the win when Papoulis scored again to complete his first European hat trick to give Apollon a 3-1 win.last_img read more

Cash or competition? What is behind England’s domination of Europe?

first_imgEngland’s Premier League has claimed a clean sweep of all four places in the finals of Europe’s two club competitions as the most commercially successful league in the world finally translated its financial power into success on the field.Liverpool will face Tottenham Hotspur in the Champions League while in the Europa League Arsenal take on Chelsea. No country has ever produced the finalists for the Champions League and the Europa League in the same year before now.The Premier League’s money has been invested in some of the top players in the world. According to FIFA’s ‘Global Transfer Report’ in 2018, $5.14 billion was spent on players by Europe’s top five leagues, with English clubs alone spending $1.98 billion on transfers from abroad.But while player purchases, such as the 76 million pounds Liverpool spent on Dutch defender Virgil van Dijk and 56 million on Brazilian goalkeeper Alisson Becker, have been significant, it is perhaps the investment in coaching that has paid the most dividends.England is now home to some of the sport’s elite managers such as Manchester City’s Spanish coach Pep Guardiola, Liverpool’s German boss Juergen Klopp and Tottenham’s Argentine coach Mauricio Pochettino.There is no question that money talks in football and the Premier League generates the most revenue in European game.European governing body UEFA’s ‘benchmarking’ report, released in January, showed, based on 2017 figures, that England’s 20 Premier League clubs snapped up more than one quarter of the total revenue in European football, totalling 5.3 billion euros.This put them comfortably ahead of Spain’s La Liga (2.9 billion euros), the German Bundesliga (2.8 billion euros), Italy’s Serie A (2.2 billion euros) and France’s Ligue 1 (1.6 billion euros).But that collective strength still leaves English club’s main continental rivals in powerful positions.According to Deloitte’s latest ‘Football Money League’, which ranks clubs by revenue, Real Madrid and Barcelona are the top two revenue earners with Bayern Munich fourth and Paris St-Germain sixth.However, those clubs dominate their domestic leagues, while in England a ‘big six’ provides a level of intense competition at the top that may well provide the foundation for success in Europe.“It’s the toughest league I’ve ever played as a manager, for the quality of the rivals – no doubts,” Manchester City manager Pep Guardiola, who could win his second straight Premier League title on Sunday, said last week.It is a view which has been echoed by Pochettino, Klopp and former Chelsea manager Antonio Conte.ITALIAN DOMINANCEIt is perhaps no coincidence that when Conte was a Juventus player, a Champions League winner in 1996, Serie A had a level of competition similar to the Premier League’s current ‘big six’.The ‘sette sorelle’, or ‘seven sisters’ was made up of Juve, AC Milan, Inter Milan, Lazio, AS Roma, Parma and Fiorentina, all of whom were contenders at the top of the table and in Europe.Between 1989 and 1998, there was only one Champions League final that did not feature an Italian club. The same period also saw four ‘all Italian’ UEFA Cup finals (the predecessor to the Europa League).Having intense competition at home doesn’t necessarily translate into European success, after all England has only one Champions League winner in the past 10 years with Spain winning the last five editions, but it is likely to have an impact.Certainly Liverpool, who overturned a 3-0 first-leg deficit in their semi-final with Barcelona, to reach the final with a 4-0 victory at Anfield, look to have benefited from their tough season, in which they have lost just once in the league.The Saturday before the Barca return, Liverpool had to fight to the end with a 3-2 victory over Newcastle United thanks to a late winner from Divock Origi.Sports psychologist David Horrocks, says there is evidence that coming through high pressure games increases the chances of positive outcomes.“The deliberate practice theory suggests that the more competitive or demanding scenarios you put yourself in, the higher the likelihood of you succeeding in those situations,” he said.INTENSE COMPETITIONCrucially the influx of talent in the Premier League has not been limited to the top teams.Unlike most of their European counterparts, the Premier League shares television revenue in such a way that the middle to lower ranked teams are also able to bring in quality from abroad or retain their own players more easily.Burnley manager Sean Dyche, whose team beat Champions League finalists Tottenham in February, says European coaches in England, that he has spoken to, notice how tough the games against lower teams can be.“They say their biggest shock is teams like ourselves will take them on, home and away. Absolutely take them on,” he told Reuters.“In some of the European leagues, they said, the smaller teams are ‘oh well, we aren’t going to win there’ and the game just sort of pans out. Whereas here, every team fights. There are no easy games in the Premier League.”That same argument has been used in the past, however, to explain Premier League failings in Europe as the intensity of domestic games is blamed for fatigue.That should be a reminder against reading too much into short-term trends in European football.This may be England’s year but there is a long way to go before Premier League teams match the dominance of Spain — winners of seven of the last 10 Champions Leagues and six of the last 10 Europa League campaigns.last_img read more

Young guns aim high at ATP finals

first_imgA bright future for men’s tennis can be glimpsed in the line-up for this year’s ATP Finals, according to players young and old.The seemingly immovable trio of Rafael Nadal, Novak Djokovic and Roger Federer remain atop the rankings with a combined age of 103.But behind them the young guns are making big moves, and four of the eight players who will do battle in London are aged 23 or under, including the charismatic trio of Daniil Medvedev, Stefanos Tsitsipas and Alexander Zverev.All three are in the same group for the tournament at the O2 Arena, and it was impossible not to consider this a battle of the generations as they sat next to the fourth member of their quartet, 33-year-old Nadal, at Friday’s press conference.Medvedev, Zverev and Tsitsipas are well aware how closely linked their futures are likely to be, and there is both tension and respect between them.Tsitsipas last month described Medvedev’s game as “boring” but was keen to strike a more conciliatory note here, saying: “I believe the competition between us is something really important for the sport.“We’re all young, we’re just getting started. It’s very fiery. We all want to beat one another when we face one another but for sure we all appreciate each one’s game.“We are the future. We are the ones that are going to fill the stadiums and we are the ones that are going to create the future for our sport.”Zverev holds the biggest title of the trio, having won at the O2 Arena 12 months ago, while Medvedev became the first to reach a grand slam final at the US Open, pushing Nadal to five sets.Zverev sees parallels with the rivalry between Nadal, Federer and Djokovic that has transcended the sport.The German said: “There’s a very strong group of guys. I think we’ll see (young) guys all of a sudden start to win big tournaments, which we haven’t seen for the past 10 or 15 years.“I think the next two or three years are very exciting. The other guys are still here playing the best tennis in the world, they’re still better than us, but I think the younger guys are improving quite quickly.”Nadal laughed at the suggestion his group rivals might make him feel old, saying: “I am 33-and-a-half, that’s old to play tennis, I think young like a human person.“I’m happy to be where I am today. Honestly I didn’t expect to be where I am when I have been in the position of all of them. As Sascha (Zverev) said, it’s an exciting moment.“We can see here there’s a lot of very young players, they’re improving. It’s the normal cycle of life. It’s healthy for the sport, too. They are the future but they are the present. They have good competition between each other for the next years.“They’re going to fight for the same things. It’s going to be good rivalries for our sport and I will be happy hopefully to keep competing with them for a while, but then I will be happy to watch them on TV.”Djokovic opens the tournament on Sunday afternoon against Italian Matteo Berrettini, another 23-year-old debutant, before Federer faces Dominic Thiem.Monday afternoon sees Medvedev take on Tsitsipas, with Nadal having been given the maximum time to recover from an abdominal problem before he faces Zverev in the evening.last_img read more

Arsenal come from behind to secure draw against Standard Liege

first_imgBy Mark Mann-BryansBukayo Saka provided the inspiration as Arsenal fought back from two goals down to earn a draw at Standard Liege and qualify for the Europa League knockout stage.For some time, the Gunners looked to have been slipping down to second place in Group F but a 2-2 scoreline, coupled with Eintracht Frankfurt’s home defeat to Vitoria, meant they avoided the likes of Ajax and Inter Milan in the last-32 draw on Monday.Samuel Bastien and Selim Amallah both scored from deflected second-half efforts for the Belgian side only for Saka to cross for Alexandre Lacazette to head in before netting the equaliser himself.It remains to be seen if interim head coach Freddie Ljungberg will be in charge when the competition returns in the new year but his decision to make nine changes this time out looked like it could have backfired at stages.Lacazette looked leggy as he returned to captain the visitors, who ended a nine-match winless run at West Ham on Monday before returning to the habit here.The defence is something that clearly needs addressing as Arsenal once again failed to keep a clean sheet, extending that particular streak to 13 matches and equalling the worst run of Arsene Wenger’s reign.Arsenal were guilty of misplaced passes on numerous occasions in the opening exchanges, with Konstantinos Mavropanos – making his first appearance since May – lucky to not gift Standard the lead as he gave the ball straight to Mehdi Carcela on the edge of his own box, only for the winger to shoot at Emiliano Martinez.At least Ljungberg’s attacking talent seemed up for the task at hand, Emile Smith Rowe heavily involved early on and testing Arnaud Bodart in the Liege goal with a low strike.Most of the play in the remainder of the first half was as poor as the surface underneath the feet of the players. Saka had a half-chance turned behind for a corner from an acute angle by Bodart.The 18-year-old, operating at left wing-back, then arrowed a shot just over as Ljungberg’s side pushed for an opener, with Reiss Nelson’s close-range header on the stroke of half-time the closest they came to doing so.It was the hosts who hit the front, taking the lead less than two minutes after the restart as Bastien’s tame shot took a huge deflection off Sokratis Papastathopoulos to wrong-foot Martinez and creep over the line.The second goal followed in the 68th minute, Amallah this time seeing his pot-shot hit David Luiz to beat Martinez and nestle in the corner of his goal.Ljungberg turned to Gabriel Martinelli in the hope of adding some flair to a toothless attacking display, with Luiz sending a free-kick over the crossbar in a rare chance on goal.They reduced the arrears soon after as Lacazette finally got on the scoresheet as he did well to head home Saka’s fine cross.Saka then got himself a goal, cutting inside and bending home past Bodart, who will feel he should have done better.But it was some distance away in Germany where two late Vitoria goals determined that Arsenal held on to advance as group winners.last_img read more

On India’s Kerala coast, a man-made solution exacerbates a natural problem

first_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored Climate Change, Coastal Ecosystems, Environmental Refugees, Erosion, Extreme Weather, Oceans, Oceans And Climate Change Article published by Shreya Dasguptacenter_img Coastal erosion in the southern Indian state of Kerala has destroyed hundreds of homes, forcing families into temporary shelters, many of whom have been stuck there for several years now.Experts say a major factor for the erosion is, ironically, the series of seawalls built by authorities along the coastline to prevent the problem.The cyclical nature of the erosion has traditionally meant that sediment swept out to sea is later deposited back on land. But the seawalls prevent the latter from happening.Other factors have also been cited, including a cyclone that struck the region last year, as well as intensive sand mining along the coast. KERALA, India — Sixty-five-year-old Maria sits at the doorstep of her demolished house. The only thing that remains is a wall attached to the door. Every morning, she comes “home” and sits there until evening, reminiscing about the times going back to when she and her family started to build their new house.“My family and I lived in this house just for two years. One night there was an announcement for us to go to a relief camp as the sea was rough. When we returned the next morning the house was ruined by the waves. We were heartbroken,” she said.Maria lives in the coastal area of Valiyathura in Thiruvananthapuram district, in southern India’s Kerala state. Officially, 110 families have lost their houses in Valiyathura alone because of coastal erosion and rough seas. Another 100 homes have been damaged in the nearby fishing villages of Poonthura, Panathura and Bimapalli, all in the past five years.About 200 fisher families now live in government schools that function as temporary relief camps. Three or four families live in a single classroom, sleeping on the floor and cooking inside the same room. Many of them go to the shoreline regularly in the mornings to see the remains of their houses. “We are living in this school for the last five years,” Mini, one of the refugees, said tearfully. “My child does not know how to live in a house, he was born here. We had a three-bedroom house there in the first row of houses on the shore.”Alphine, also from Valiyathura, has had sleepless nights as she fears losing her home to the eroding shoreline. Ten years ago, when her house was built, it was more than 550 meters (1,800 feet) from the shoreline. Now, it is hardly 3 meters (10 feet) away. “Cracks have already appeared in the doors and windows. We have packed our things and are prepared to run away anytime from here,” Alphine said.In Valiyathura, the most affected coastline of the district, three rows of houses near the sea have been devastated. Another three rows, about 100 houses, are under severe threat. As in the case of Alphine’s house, most of these already have cracks.Maria looks out at the sea, which devastated her home on the Valiyathura coastline. Over 100 families in Valiyathura alone have lost their houses to coastal erosion over the past five years. Image by Sreekesh Raveendran Nair.Shankhumugam is one of the most popular beaches in the district. The seawall here is completely broken, and the beach has been eroded by the southwest monsoon, which began in June.According to the shoreline change assessment for Kerala prepared by the National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management (NCSCM), “a major stretch of Kerala’s coastline (63 percent) is eroding.” The report also says the erosion is highest in Thiruvananthapuram district.“There are two types of erosion: cyclic and progressive,” D. Ilangovan, senior principal scientist at the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) in Goa, told Mongabay-India. “One need not worry about cyclic erosion as erosion during the rough season gets balanced by accretion during the calm season in a year. Progressive erosion is the one that has to be addressed as it is continuous. The reason for progressive erosion needs to be assured through scientific studies and appropriate corrective measures can then be taken.”The erosion in Valiyathura, Poonthura and Panathura seems to be progressive as the beach was not restored. But in Shankhumugam, the erosion is cyclic and the beach gets restored after the rough season.Sea walls and breakwaters not idealConstructing seawalls has been Kerala’s main defense against the drastic erosion. However, it’s proved to be a failure, and experts say these walls can in fact have an adverse effect.Seawalls are structures built between the water and the land, usually along the coastline, to stop waves hitting the shore and prevent soil erosion. Of the 590-kilometer (367-mile) stretch of Kerala’s coastline, 310 kilometers (193 miles) have seawalls.Seawalls, aimed at stopping erosion, could in fact worsen the problem by preventing the coastline from naturally replenishing itself. Image by Rojypala via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 3.0).K.V. Thomas, a scientist formerly with the Kerala-based Centre for Earth Science Studies (CESS), told Mongabay-India that seawall construction was, conversely, one of the factors for the erosion. He said erosion during the monsoon was common; but after the rains, the beach doesn’t get restored, all because of the seawall. The sediments that are washed away don’t come back, he said.He said the erosion in Thiruvananthapuram district began about 30 years earlier in the Panathura and Poonthura coastal areas. These coasts had pozhi, sandbanks between the sea and backwaters, that were opened seasonally to prevent flooding in the nearby Karamana River. “Thereafter, the government started a stable mechanism to open and close the pozhi,” Thomas said. “A wall was constructed from the river extending to the sea. Since then, beach erosion began in the areas where the wall ended.”He added that sand mining was also prevalent along the coastal areas of Thiruvananthapuram district: “That was also a reason for the erosion.”According to Thomas, Valiyathura and Shankhumugam are the most affected beaches because both “lie in between a gap of seawalls.”“The Valiyathura shoreline exists in between two seawalls that end on its south side and another seawall had started from other side where the people lived in between,” he said. “So it caused an elevation of water level in the gap. That is how we lost hundreds of houses in Valiyathura.”Cyclone Ockhi in 2017, which claimed more than 200 lives in southern Tamil Nadu and Kerala states, is also believed to have exacerbated the problem. “This year the erosion was severe compared to previous years because the damage that happened during Ockhi could not be repaired due to continued depressions in the sea after the cyclone,” Thomas said.In addition to seawalls, damage caused by Cyclone Ockhi has exacerbated the erosion problem. Image by Sreekesh Raveendran Nair.“We have around 590 kilometers of coastline; I don’t think seawall construction produces the desired effect,” said Oommen V. Oommen, former chairman of the Kerala State Biodiversity Board. “Seawalls and breakwaters are not scientific solutions. Putting a barrier in the coast will destroy the ecosystem. It will deepen the sea.”He also hinted at a larger environmental concern over sourcing quarry stones for the construction of these walls. “Where do we get these quarry stones to build the seawall? It is by destroying the hills of Kerala. So in a way through this unscientific method we are destroying coastal areas as well as the hills,” he said.‘Leave the sea to itself’Oommen said there was a need to give space for the sea to expand and contract.“Leave the sea to itself,” he said. “Forty-four rivers of Kerala drain into the sea. A considerable amount of soil from the Western Ghats accumulates in the sea. Due to this, beach erosion as well as beach formation happens. We should leave the sea to itself, for its expansion or its contraction.”The focus should instead be on rehabilitating the fishing community away from the sea, he said. “Just one-tenth of the amount spent on seawalls is required to rehabilitate the people in coastal areas. It is we who have to adapt to the conditions of the sea.”National Fishworkers Forum general secretary T. Peter said the local communities that understood the sea were being pushed away from the shore, and unscientific human interference was causing a disaster.“Wherever breakwaters are being built on the west coast, issues like soil erosion are happening,” he said. “In my childhood, during monsoon, I remember waves sweeping away the soil from the shore and naturally creating a wall using this soil in the sea. And then in September, the waves calmed down and brought back the soil. But now due to human interference, this doesn’t happen. Because of breakwaters, the soil that is washed away is not coming back.”Experts feel that unscientific human interference is worsening the situation, while the local communities who best understand the sea are losing their homes. Image by Sreekesh Raveendran Nair.Peter agreed that the seawalls were an issue: “When a seawall is built on one shore, the shore nearby will erode.”Harbors are yet another reason for erosion, he said, warning that the under-construction Vizhinjam port project in Thiruvananthapuram will cause huge damage to the coastal area.Thomas, who agreed that harbors caused sea erosion, said the Vizhanjam port might not have an immediate effect, although in the long term it would be harmful and negatively impact the coastal ecosystem. He also said there was an immediate need to strengthen beach nourishment to protect the coastal area.“The way to protect Valiyathura for the time being is to close the gap between the seawalls, even though it is not a permanent solution,” he said. “That is why we need detailed studies to bring a sustainable solution to these issues. We need to study how to restore the sediments in the beach. Beaches should be divided into sub-cells of 5 kilometers [3.1 miles] where beach nourishment takes place. This will not be an overnight process, but a long-term sustainable plan to address erosion.”Oommen said natural protection was the only way out. “We need to plant trees and plants in the coastal areas that protect our beaches,” he said. “Only natural remedies can solve the issue, not manmade constructions. Coastal vegetation as well as mangrove plantations can hold the sand in the shore.”A long-term, sustainable solution for Kerala’s eroding coastline is needed as the numbers of refugees continue to increase. Image by Sreekesh Raveendran Nair.This story was first published on June 25, 2018, by Mongabay-India.last_img read more

Seeing REDD: a database of forest carbon emissions reduction projects

first_imgArticle published by Sue Palminteri Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored The banner image by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay shows a rainforest stream in Ujung Kulon, Indonesia.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the editor of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Avoided Deforestation, Carbon Emissions, Climate Change, data, Deforestation, Emission Reduction, forest degradation, Forests, Rainforests, Redd, Technology, Tropical Forests, Wildtech A searchable database of 467 forest carbon emissions reduction (REDD+) initiatives in 57 countries is now available through the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).The ID-RECCO database gathers in one free online tool over 100 different categories of information – including project partners, activities, and funding sources – on these subnational projects aimed at conserving forests, promoting local economies, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and degradation.The tool makes these data and their sources accessible to anyone, with minimal interpretation: while it does not summarize project results, it provides goals, activities, and links to project websites for the reader to learn more. A searchable database of initiatives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) is now available through the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).Fog inside a montane forest near Chirripo, Costa Rica. Cloud forests in tropical mountains are sensitive to small variations in temperature or precipitation. Image by Bruno Locatelli, copyright CIRAD.Launched in 2015 by the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD), the International Database on REDD+ projects and programs Linking Economic, Carbon and Communities data (ID-RECCO) contains 467 initiatives in 57 countries aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). Some also promote sustainable forest management and enhancement of forest carbon stocks (REDD+). Of these, 359 are considered currently active, 67 were completed before 2018, and 41 have not yet started or have been discontinued.The free online ID-RECCO tool aims to help researchers, governments, and potential project leaders better understand REDD+ projects by centralizing data on as many projects as it can find data for, standardizing how the data for all these projects are organized, and presenting the information in a format that is easily adapted to research and analysis.Using the databaseThe database is organized first by country, which you choose either in a list or on a map. Hovering your computer cursor over a country on the map displays the number of REDD+ projects the database contains for it. Clicking on the country produces a list of its projects with each project’s name, type, size, and current status, and a link for more details.Screenshot of the list of REDD+ projects on the ID-RECCO website. Clicking the buttons to the right of the table bring up the projects for each country. Image courtesy of CIRAD / CIFOR.Users can view and download the data for free, though you must register to be able to download the data tables.The website makes the data available for download in CSV file format, separated into tables organized by country, project name, project type, partners, among other filters.Viewing the data in a spreadsheet program may require some reformatting. Copying and pasting the entire contents of each CSV file into a text editor, then copying and pasting it back into Excel or another spreadsheet program should produce a proper formatting, although formatting corrections may still be needed for some individual rows of data.Screenshot of ID-RECCO tables available for download. Image courtesy of CIRAD / CIFOR.The database includes up to 110 variables—such as size, location, deforestation drivers, and expected socio-economic and environmental impacts—as well as a web link, for each project. For example:The projects table contains the objectives, locations, time periods, social and natural environments, activity types, and information sources for each project.The carbon credit table provides data on the quantity sold, the price, and the buyer for each project that sold carbon credits.The communities spending table describes the types of benefits or payments made to communities as compensation for not clearing forest. These include payments of cash for preserving forest or ecosystem services, micro-credit loans, employment, training, and payments for carbon credits.A financing sources table includes the institution and amount of funding provided to the project.The tool is the first to assemble all this information on subnational REDD+ initiatives and make it accessible to anyone. It also supplies the sources of information used and a list of publications related to the data.“ID-RECCO has so far been used mostly by researchers,” CIFOR researcher Gabriela Simonet told Mongabay. “For instance, it has been cited in 30 academic publications and has been used by CIFOR to test the representativeness of the REDD+ projects and programs included in its Global Comparative Study on REDD+.”A woman in Senegal farms short-cycle cowpeas instead of millet due to poor seasonal rains, which are expected to become more frequent as climate changes. REDD+ aims to reduce emissions from forest loss. Image by Thierry Brévault, copyright CIRAD.Much of the project data are publicly available information, presented as “relatively objective compilations of facts with minimal interpretation”. Many projects lack information and so could be fictitious or abandoned, say Simonet and colleague Coline Seyller in a publication, but were retained in the database in case their status changed or their limited information proved useful. The database does not summarize results of the projects’ activities, though it provides links to project websites for the reader to learn more or consult the implementing institution. In their paper, the scientists recognize the potential biases and data quality issues inherent in publicly available project information without field visits to verify each project.Emissions from loss of tropical forestDegradation and deforestation of the world’s tropical forests together produce about 10 percent of net global carbon emissions; though estimates vary, these emissions are substantial. Institutions have agreed that the global effort to combat climate change must include steps to reduce the destruction of tropical forests.REDD+ initiatives aim to help reduce climate change impacts, alleviate poverty, and sustain biodiversity and ecosystem services in forest-rich developing countries by:reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation;conserving and enhancing forest carbon stocks; andsustainably managing forests.The Coalition for Rainforest Nations presented the concept of paying developing countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions associated with deforestation at the Conference Of Parties (COP-11) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2005. The proposed mechanism encourages countries to protect their forests by offering them credits for maintaining the carbon stored in forests (mainly trees and soil), as well as financial incentives, including access to carbon markets to sell those credits. The goal was to make the value of carbon in standing forests greater than that of the timber that required trees to be cut down.Managing cattle in Cameroon. Cattle production is a major driver of deforestation globally, along with production of soy, palm oil, and wood products. Image by Michel Dulcire, copyright CIRAD.It initially was intended to work at a national scale to prevent deforestation from just moving from one property to another (leakage). However, government and private sources have since supported numerous subnational and local-scale REDD+ projects globally. Simonet and colleagues created the ID-RECCO database to gather information from all these projects in one place.Simonet echoed the findings of a recent study that found that the diversity of REDD+ projects and the scarcity of robust research about their ecological, social, or economic impacts has made it difficult to assess their effectiveness.“In fact,” she said, “there have been very few studies that rigorously analyze the impacts of REDD+ projects on forests, although the few on carbon/land use outcomes show moderately encouraging results.” [see citations below]Simonet created ID-RECCO while still a researcher at CIRAD, and the project has remained a collaboration of four institutions: CIFOR (Bogor, Indonesia), the Climate Economics Chair (Paris-Dauphine university, France), CIRAD (Montpellier, France), and the International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI, University of Michigan, U.S.). She and her colleagues anticipate that assembling previously disparate data will encourage analysis and comparisons of the variety of REDD+ projects.A tree plantation and adjacent crop field replace native forest in Indonesia. Managing land use at the landscape scale to retain tree cover is one strategy for both reducing climate change and adapting to it. Image by Bruno Locatelli, copyright CIRAD.“It allows, for example, [users] to extract simple statistics, like the number of hectares covered by REDD+, said Driss Ezzine-de-Blas, a CIRAD researcher, in a statement, “and [to] understand the trends and types of REDD+ projects and initiatives.”“Being frequently updated and open access, [ID-RECCO] constitutes a unique tool that makes possible monitoring and impact evaluation of those initiatives,” said Philippe Delacote, a researcher at Climate Economics Chair, in the statement, “which will provide a better understanding of the conditions of success of REDD+ implementation.”Next steps in a new homeThe project team is making two major improvements to the database now that it is hosted at CIFOR.“First,” Simonet said, “the project-level information will be updated by December 2018 through an ongoing CIFOR survey to REDD+ project implementers (aimed at having the data checked by them, to increase data quality).  Secondly, we are now distinguishing between local REDD+ projects and subnational jurisdictional REDD+ programs, and will be updating the information on [broader-scale] REDD+ programs based on a collaborative study being undertaken in collaboration with Earth Innovation Institute and the Governors’ Forests and Climate Task Force.”With REDD+ initiatives seeking multiple overlapping benefits – including carbon emissions reductions, biodiversity protection, and rural development – project leaders, funders, and governments need more reliable evidence of where REDD+ projects succeed or fail to guide their project planning and implementation.CitationsSimonet G., Agrawal A., Bénédet F., Cromberg M., de Perthuis C., Haggard D., Jansen N., Karsenty A., Liang W., Newton P., Sales A-M, Schaap B., Seyller C., Vaillant G., (2018) ID-RECCO, International Database on REDD+ projects and programs, linking Economic, Carbon and Communities data. version 3.0. http://www.reddprojectsdatabase.orgBos, A. B., Duchelle, A. E., Angelsen, A., Avitabile, V., De Sy, V., Herold, M., … & Wunder, S. (2017). Comparing methods for assessing the effectiveness of subnational REDD+ initiatives. Environmental Research Letters, 12(7), 074007.Duchelle, A. E., Simonet, G., Sunderlin, W. D., & Wunder, S. (2018). What is REDD+ achieving on the ground?. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 32, 134-140.Simonet, G., & Seyller, C. (2015). ID-RECCO, a New Collaborative Work Tool to Improve Knowledge on REDD+ Projects (No. 2015-08). Climate Economics Chair Working Paper.Simonet, G., Subervie, J., Ezzine-de-Blas, D., Cromberg, M., & Duchelle, A. E. (2018). Effectiveness of a REDD+ Project in Reducing Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon. American Journal of Agricultural Economics.last_img read more